Deputy Commissioner's Role

The Deputy Commissioner has over all charge of the district, and is the hub of the district administration. For administrative purpose, the Deputy Commissioner, Gurdaspur is under the control of the Commissioner, Jalandhar division, Jalandhar. He has to play triple role as Deputy Commissioner, as Collector and as District Magistrate. In his multifarious duties, the Deputy Commissioner is assisted by two Additional Deputy Commissioners. The Assistant Commissioner (Gen) helps the Deputy Commissioner in Executive and Administrative functions. Each sub-division is in the charge of a Sub Divisional Magistrate. Deputy Commissioner is also assisted by the following officers for carrying out day to day work in various fields :-

  1. Assistant Commissioner (Grievances)
  2. Executive Magistrate
  3. District Revenue Officer
  4. District Transport Officer
  5. District Development and Panchayat Officer

The Deputy Commissioner is the Chief Revenue Officer as District Collector and is responsible for collection of Revenue and other Govt. dues recoverable as arrears of Land Revenue. He deals with the Natural Calamities like draught, unseasonal rains, hailstorms, floods and fire etc.

Under the Registration Act the District Collector exercise the Powers of Registrar of the District and he controls and supervises the work of Registration of deeds. He also function as Marriage Officer under the Special Marriage Act, 1954. Further under the Cinematograph Act, the District Magistrate is the Licencing Authority in his jurisdiction. The administration of the Police in a district is vested in the District Superintendent, but under the General direction of the District Magistrate as per provisions of section 4 of the Indian Police Act, 1861.

Rule 1.15 of the Punjab Police Rules, 1934, also provides the powers of District Magistrate as under:--

The District Magistrate is the head of the Criminal Administration of the District and the Police force is the instrument provided by Government to enable him to enforce his authority and fulfill his responsibility for the maintenance of Law & Order. The police force in a District is, therefore, placed by Law under the General control and direction of the District Magistrate, who is responsible that it carries out its duties in such a manner that effective protection is afforded to the public and against lawlessness and disorder."

District Magistrate is thus responsible for the maintenance of Law & Order within the limit of his jurisdiction. He is conferred with very wide powers by the law, which if used prudently can be very effective in maintaining peace and tranquility. The police force is mainly an instrument provided by Law for the District Magistrate. He can impose restriction on the movement of unlawful Assembly under Section 144 Cr.P.C. and can also impose curfew keeping in view the situation.

He is authorised to inspect the Offices/Courts of Sub Divisional Officers (Civil), Tehsildars, Naib Tehsildars, Treasuries, Sub Treasuries, Jails, Hospitals, Dispenseries, Schools, Blocks, Police Stations, Second Class Local Bodies, Improvement Trusts and all other offices of Punjab Government, the A.C.Rs of whose Heads of offices he is required to write. In this way, he has effective control over the Administration.

The Deputy Commissioner holds courts and hears appeals under the following Acts against the order of Sub Divisional Officer (Civil), passed as Assistant Collector Ist Grade and Sales Commissioner and Settlement Commissioner:--

  1. Under the Land Revenue Act,1887.
  2. Under the Punjab Tenancy Act,1887.
  3. Displaced Persons (Compensation & Rehabilitation) Act,1954.
  4. Punjab Package Deal Properties (Disposal) Act,1976.
  5. Urban Land (Ceiling & Regulations) Act, 1976.

Besides it, he decides the lambardari cases.

Additional Deputy Commissioner

The post of Additional Deputy Commissioner has been created to assist the Deputy Commissioner in his day-to-day working. The Additional Deputy Commissioner enjoys the same powers as that of Deputy Commissioner under the rules.

Functions of Additional Deputy Commissioner

With a view to lighten the enormously increasing workload of the Deputy Commissioner, the post of Additional Deputy Commissioner was created in the year 1979. He has been vested with the following powers under the various Acts-within the limits of the district:-

As Collector under the following Acts

  1. The Punjab Land Revenue Act,1887.
  2. The Punjab Occupancy Of Tenants(Vesting of Proprietary Rights)Act,1952.
  3. The Punjab Tenancy Act,1887.
  4. The Land Acquisition Act,1894.
  5. The Punjab Restitution of Mortgage Land Act,1938.
  6. The Punjab Village Common Land(Regulation) Act,1961.
  7. The Indian Stamp Act,1899.

As Registrar under the Registration Act,1908

As Deputy Commissioner Under the Punjab Aided School (Security of Services) Act,1969.

As Executive Magistrate , Addl. Deputy Commissioner , D.M under the Criminal Procedure Code,1973

As Additional District Magistrate under the Arms Act of India and Petroleum Act,1934

He has been appointed as Chairman of District Consultative Committee under Personal Accident Social Security Scheme vide Punjab Government Notification No 13/434/88-SW /9794 dated 27.9.1988.

Sub Divisional Officer (Civil)/ S.D.M.

The duties of the Sub Divisional Officer (Civil) within his Sub Division are almost similar to those of the Deputy Commissioner within his district. In all matters of administration , he has to be the Deputy Commissioner's principal agent.

He is also incharge of various development activities going on in the Sub Division and is also responsible for co-ordinating the work of various departments. For that he has to tour the area to keep a watch on the development activities, the revenue administration as also the law & Order situation in his Sub Division. Besides this he has to look after the grievances of the public and to attend to the problems arising out of the natural calamities. He supervises the work of Revenue agency in the Sub Division.

There is no denying the fact that the job of a Sub Divisonal Officer (civil) is independent in character to some extent. He is primarily responsible for everything that happens within his jurisdiction and must accordingly take his decisions to a large extent, independently.

Sub Divisional Officer (Civil) is conferred with various powers under the land revenue and tenancy acts.

He also acts as Assistant Collector under the Punjab Land Revenue Act and Punjab Tenancy Act. He is also the appellate authority in cases decided by his subordinate revenue officers.

The Executive Magistrate placed by the State Government as incharge of the Sub Division is termed as the Sub Divisional Magistrate Under section 20(4) Cr.p.c.and under section 23 Cr.P.C. the Sub divisional Officer like other Executive Magistrates of the District is subordinate to the District Magistrate and is responsible for the maintenance of law and order within the limits of his local jurisdiction. He enjoys very wide powers under section 107/151,109,110,133,144,and 145 Cr.P.C. etc. He also hears court cases under these sections.

Tehsildar/ Naib Tehsildar

Tehsildars are appointed by the Financial Commissioner, Revenue and Naib Tehsildar by the Commissioner of the Division. Their Duties within Tehsil /Sub Tehsil are almost similar and manifold (except that partition cases are decided by Tehsildar). They enjoy the powers of Executive Magistrate, Assistant Collector and Sub Registrar/Joint Sub Registrar. Although there has been a recent move to appoint full fledged Sub-registrar for some of the larger Tehsils. The Revenue Duties of Tehsildar are important. He is the Incharge of tehsil Revenue Agency and is responsible for proper preparation and maintenance of tehsil Revenue Record and Revenue Accounts. He is also responsible for recovery of government dues under the various Acts. He is supposed to have proper control over the working of Patwaris and Kanungos and for this purpose the Tehsildar and Naib Tehsildars make inspection of patwaris and kanungos working under them.

Tehsildars and Naib Tehsildar in fact are called Revenue officers holding separate circles and it is provided in para 242 of land Administration Manual that such allotted circle should be changed every year on October first, so that the responsibility of the Tehsildar for the whole of his charge may not be impaired. In Tehsil and Sub Tehsil, as and when Treasury Officers are not posted, then the tehsildar and Naib Tehsildar works as Treasury Officer in addition to their own duties. Tehsildar also registers the marriages solemnized.

Besides enjoying powers under a few other land laws, they also attest uncontested mutations. Tehsildar is further empowered to hear partition cases and to make allotment/transfer and auction of evacuee properties, land under the Displaced Person (Compensation & Rehabilitation) Act,1954 and Punjab Package Deal properties (Disposal Act 1976) as Managing Officer and Tehsildar Sales respectively .

Kanungos

The Kanungo establishment consists of field kanungo, office kanungo and the District Kanungos. Its strength in each district can only be altered with the sanction of the government.

The field Kanungo should be constantly moving about his circle supervising the work of patwari on the spot, except in the month of September when he stays at the tehsil to check the Jamabandis received from the patwaris. He also disposes of the demarcation applications marked to him by the Circle Revenue Officer. A field Kanungo is also responsible for the conduct and the work of the patwari under his charge and it is his duty to report the work or neglect of duty or misconduct on the part of any patwari.

The office Kanungo is the Tehsildar Revenue clerk and he is the custodian of all the record received from the patwari.

The District Kanungo is responsible for the efficiency of both the office and the field Kanungo and should be in camp inspecting their work for at least 15 days in each month from first October to 30th April. He is the keeper of all record received from kanungo patwari, at sadar office.

Patwaris

Patwari is an important and effective official of the lowest ebb in the Revenue Agency. No efficient Revenue Administration of a district is possible unless the patwari staff is strong, properly trained and strictly supervised.

A Patwari has three chief duties:-

  1. The maintenance of record of the crop grown at every harvest.
  2. The keeping of the record of rights uptodate by the punctual record of mutations.
  3. The account of preparation of statistical returns embodying the information derived from the harvest inspections, register of mutation and record of rights.

The limits of "Patwar circle" is a matter for the Commissioner to decide under para 238 of Land Administration Manual.

It is the responsibility of Patwari to report at once all serious calamities affecting the land or the crops and all severe outbreaks of diseases amongst men and beasts. He must aid the headman in revenue collection. He keeps up a diary and a work book. The entries should be made on the day on which the events come to the notice of the patwari.

The Patwari is responsible for the safe custody of all the records, maps and equipments of his circle that are in his charge. In the work book the Patwari will enter the work done by him on each day. His work is supervised by the field Kanungo, Sadar Kanungo & Circle Revenue Officer.

List of works/services provided by the office of the Deputy Commissioner

S.No. Detail of Work Branch of DC Office Branch Incharge Competent Officer
1 All works related Arms Licences Arms & Passport Branch AC(Gen) ADM/DM
2 New Passport or Citizenship Arms & Passport Branch AC(Gen) DM
3 Countersigning of documents for sending to foreign embassies Peshi Branch AC(Gen) DC
4 Magistrate inquiry about some incident, prisonerís death/ under trialís death Peshi Branch AC(Gen) DM
5 Prisonerís Parole/ Farlo or early release regarding Peshi Branch AC(Gen) DM
6 Magistrate inquiry against police officers u/s 16.38 Pb. Police Rules Peshi Branch Any Executive Magistrate DM
7 Police support for Nishandehi, Kabza Warrant or implementation of decision of Revenue Court Peshi Branch AC(Gen) DC
8 Special Marriage/ Un-married certificate, criminal case of parties or taking back vehicles captured by police Peshi Branch AC(Gen) Marriage Office(DC)
9 Nambardarís post creation, appointment, suspension etc. Peshi Branch AC(Gen) Collector(DC)
10 Cases relating to Loss of Life/Property due to natural calamities DRA(Tacavi) District Revenue Officer Collector(DC)
11 Land Acquisition or Collectorís rates of land DRA(Rev) District Revenue Officer Collector(DC)
12 Licence for stamp vendor/ Wasika Navis HRC District Revenue Officer Collector(DC)
13 Work relating to registered document in the district 12 years ago HRC District Revenue Officer District Revenue Officer
14 Work relating to Revenue record made by Patwaries Sadar Kanungo Branch District Revenue Officer DC
15 Financial help due to accident or human error MA Branch AC(Gen) DC
16 Dependant certificate after death of Govt. official MA Branch AC(Gen) DC
17 Cinema/ Video Parlour licence or Printing Press/News paper/Magazineís title relating MA Branch AC(Gen) DM(DC)
18 Character verification of Civil/Military/Para-Military officials MA Branch AC(Gen) DC
19 Bus Pass for handicapped MA Branch AC(Gen) DC
20 Govt. facilities for terrorist affected families RRA Branch AC(Gen) DC
21 Govt. facilities for war shaheed/ freedom fighters or their dependents CDA Branch AC(Gen) DC
22 For Type/Photostat/STD/Juice or coffee bar in court complex Nazar Branch AC(Gen) DC
23 Public grievances against someone CEA Branch AC(Griev) DC
24 Copy of revenue record of some document or decision of DDPO or revenue court of the district Nakal/Record Branch RKVO AC(Gen)
25 Any work relating to local bodies or Municipal Councils LFA Branch AC(Gen) DC
26 Work relating to Lok Sabha/ Vidhan Sabha elections Election Branch Tehsildar Election District Election Officer(DC)
27 Works relating to Rural Development Development Branch DD&PO DC
28 Works relating to elections of Municipal Councils/ Panchayats ADC(Dev)Office ADC(Dev) DC

List of Gurdaspur's Deputy Commissioners w.e.f. 18/08/1947.

Sr.No. Name of Deputy Commissioner Sarv Shri From To
1. Kanhaya Lal, PCS 18/08/1947 09/10/1947
2. Saroop Krishan, ICS 10/10/1947 17/12/1950
3. Davinder Singh, PCS 08/12/1950 13/04/1951.
4. H.B. Lal, IAS 14/04/1951 02/11/1952.
5. L.C. Vashishtha, IAS 13/11/1952 18/04/1954
6. K.S. Narang, IAS 19/04/1954 23/09/1954
7. Vikram Singh, PCS 24/09/1954 06/09/1956
8. Bhim Singh, PCS 27/09/1956 22/09/1957
9. Gobinder Singh, IAS 23/09/1957 05/05/1958
10. Damodar Dass, IAS 06/05/1958 07/10/1959
11. K.C. Pandeya, IAS 08/10/1959 12/03/1961
12. Onkar Nath, PCS 13/03/1961 16/04/1961
13. K.C. Pandeya, IAS 17/04/1961 13/06/1961
14. Onkar Nath, PCS 14/06/1961 18/07/1961
15. K.C. Pandeya, IAS 19/07/1961 08/05/1962
16. K.R. Bahal, PCS 09/05/1962 18/11/1962
17. R.D. Malhotra, IAS 19/11/1962 22/06/1965
18. Joginder Singh, IAS 23/6/1965 09/07/1967
19. A.S. Puni, IAS 10/7/1967 19/04/1968
20. Manmohan Singh, IAS 24/04/1968 04/12/1969
21. J.P.S. Sahi, IAS 05/12/1969 31/08/1971
22. Rajinder Singh, IAS 31/08/1971 10/05/1973
23. R.S. Kang, IAS 11/05/1973 19/05/1976
24. Narangen Singh, IAS 20/05/1976 22/07/1977
25. P.S. Balla, IAS 25/07/1977 09/03/1980
26. Harbel Singh, IAS 11/03/1980 24/04/1980
27. K.S. Raju, IAS 24/04/1980 19/08/1980
28. A.K. Kundra, IAS 20/08/1980 08/12/1982
29. Gurdev Singh, IAS 13/12/1982 08/07/1983
30. J.S. Maini, IAS 08/07/1983 13/08/1985
31. R.P.S. Pawar, IAS 13/08/1985 09/07/1987
32. D.S. Kalha, IAS 09/07/1987 27/01/1989
33. S.S. Sadhrao, IAS 02/02/1989 06/02/1990
34. S.S. Channy, IAS 07/02/1990 11/09/1990
35. J.S. Sandhu, IAS 11/09/1990 25/12/1991
36. I.D. Kanwar, IAS 26/12/1991 15/12/1993
37. G.S. Bains, IAS 16/12/1993 28/02/1995
38. T.R. Sarangal, IAS 06/03/1995 13/07/1995
39. S.K. Kakar, IAS 19/07/1995 05/09/1995
40. A.S.Chhatwal, IAS 05/09/1995 09/08/1996
41. B.Sarkar, IAS 09/08/1996 23/08/1996
42. Kulbir Singh, IAS 23/08/1996 17/12/1996
43. Smt. Ravneet Kaur, IAS 17/12/1996 28/04/1998
44. S.K. Sandhu, IAS 29/04/1998 30/04/2000
45. B.Vikram, IAS 30/04/2000 11/06/2001
46. Kulbir Singh Sidhu, IAS 11/06/2001 04/03/2002
47. K.A.P.Sinha, IAS 04/03/2002 26/11/2003
48. Harjit Singh, IAS 26/11/2003 23/12/2004
49. V.P. Singh, IAS 24/12/2004 11/11/2007
50. Gurkirat Kirpal Singh, IAS 12/11/2007 06/02/2009
51. Nilkanth S. Avhad, IAS 10/02/2009 09/06/2009
52. Dr.Karamjit Singh Sra, IAS 10/06/2009 13/04/2010
53. Pirthi Chand, IAS 13/04/2010 14/06/2011
54. Mohinder Singh Kainth, IAS 14/06/2011 31/03/2012
55. Siban C, IAS 01/04/2012 20/04/2012
56. Dr.Abhinav Trikha, IAS 21/04/2012 To Date